Culture and Civilization Matters

January 20, 2010

INDIA BACKGROUND: A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF A LONG HISTORY

Filed under: Term 3 Delhi — Tags: , , — wadatripp @ 8:21 pm

Chronicling India’s long history is a near impossible task.

Thankfully, Michael Wood has provided us with a useful resource to explore the detail of this region in the BBC TV Documentary Series the Story of India.

The video excerpt below introduces the Documentary Series:

PBS has created a very useful timeline of India’s history that embeds narrative, pictures and video excerpts from the Story of India.

You can access this timeline by clicking here.

Please use this timeline to explore some of the key moments in India’s History:

BEGINNINGS: 60,000 BCE-500 BCE

THE POWER OF IDEAS: 500 BCE – 200 BCE

SPICE ROUTES AND SILK ROADS: 200 BCE – 300 CE

AGES OF GOLD: 300 – 1000 CE

  • 300-550 CE: Gupta Empire Rule
  • 600-700 CE: Islam Introducted to India by Muslim Traders
  • 871-907 CE: Rise of the Cholan Empire

THE MEETING OF TWO OCEANS: 1000 – 1700 CE

FREEDOM: 1700-2009 CE

  • 1857: The Great Rebellion
  • 1858-1947: The British Raj
  • 1885: Indian National Congress Founded
  • 1906: Muslim League Founded
  • 1918: Mahatma Gandhi holds first Satyagraha in Bihar
  • 1919: Amristar Massacre
  • August 14/15 1947: India and Pakistan Gain Independence from Britain
  • 1948: Mahatma Gandhi assasinated by Hindu Extremist
  • 1951-1952: Congress Party wins first general elections under leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru
  • 1966: Nehru’s daugher, Indira Gandhi becomes Prime Minister
  • 1975: Indira Gandhi declares state of emergency after being found guilty of electoral malpractice
  • 1984: Operation Blue Star – troops storm Golden Temple – Sikhs’ most holy shrine – to flush out Sikh militants seeking self-rule.
  • 1984: Indira Gandhi is assassinated by Sikh bodyguards. Her son, Rajiv Gandhi assumes role of prime minister
  • 1987: India deploys troops for peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka’s Civil War.
  • 1990: Indian troops withdrawn from Sri Lanka
  • 1991: Rajiv Gandhi assassinated by suicide bomber sympathetic to Sri Lanka’s Tamil Tigers
  • 1991: Economic reform program began by Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao and Finance Minister Manmohan Singh.
  • 1992: Hindu extremists demolish Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, triggering widespread Hindu-Muslim violence
  • 1996: Congress suffers defeat as Hindu Nationalist BJP emerges as largest single party.
  • 1998: BJP forms coalition government under Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee
  • 2001-2003: Rising tensions between India and Pakistan over Kashmir and escalation of nuclear war threat.
  • 2004: Surprise victory for Congress Party in general elections. Manmohan Singh is sworn in as Prime Minister
  • 2008: Nearly 200 people are killed in a series of co-ordinated attacks in Mumbai.
  • 2009: Resounding general election victory gives governing Congress-led alliance of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh an enhanced position in parliament.
  • Click here to return to CCL Delhi Main Page

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